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Jain Pilgrimage Tour

Jainism as a religious tradition was established in India about the same time as Buddhism. Mahavira, one of the jinas (conquerors) preached the Jain philosophy around the same time that Buddhism began.

Like Buddhism, Jainism rose against the corruption in the interpretation of Hinduism prevalent at the time. The underlying philosophy of Jainism is that renunciation of worldly desires and self-conquest leads to perfect wisdom. This faith believes in total abstinence and asceticism as practised by the Jinas and the Tirthankars ("crossing-makers"). The "crossing refers to the passage from the material to the spiritual realm, from bondage to freedom. Followers of this faith accept the popular gods of Hinduism but they are placed lower than the jinas.

The focus of this religion has been purification of the soul by means of right conduct, right faith and right knowledge. This faith also enunciates complete non-violence and the Jain monks can be seen with their nose and mouth covered by a cloth mask to ensure that they do not kill any germs or insects while breathing. Today, Jainism has more than 3 million adherents in India and finds wide acceptance because of its philosophy of sympathy for all living beings.


1)   Kaushambi (Allahabad)

Kaushambi lies on the northern bank of the Uamuna some 60 kms. From Allahabad.

Ancient Jain scriptures reveal that there had been 16 Mahajanpadas in the 6th century B.C. Vats Desh was one such Mahajanpada whose capital was Kaushambi.

With the end of the legendary Hastinapur Kingdom which is believed to have been flooded and destroyed by the river Ganges, the Chandravanshi kings made Kaushambi their capital, 22 of their descendants are said to have ruled from here.

The town, however, got its due importance with the presence of the 6th Tirthankar Padmaprabhu, who was born here. He also grew up and received his education here.

Travel Information : Bamrauli Airport, Allahabad is 48 kms. From Kaushambi, while the nearest railway station Bharwari is 32 kms. From here.


2)   Kashi

According to the Jain traditions, Kashi has the honour of being the birth place of four Tirthankars, namely, Suparshav, Chandraprabhu, Shreas and Parshva. Whereas Parshav and Suparshav were born in Varansai, Chandraprabhu was born in Chandrapur about 15 km. To the east of Varanasi on the banks of the river Ganges. Shreas was born in Singhpur which is presently known as Sarnath.

Bhadaini Jain Pilgrimage :

The birth place of the 7th Tirthankar Sri Suparshavnath was born in 'Bhandani' Muhallah', situated near the banks of the river ganges. The place is about 1.5 km. Away from Bhelupura and known s the Jainghat'. This place is believed to be very sacred not only because it was Lord Sri Suparshvanath's birth place, but he was also initiated (took diksh) and was enlightened with true knowledge here. At present, there is a white coloured 68 cm.

High idol placed here and worshipped by the believers of Svetambar sect. On the other hand, a black idol of 46 cm. Height is placed here by the believers of Digambar sect. The Dharamshalas of Svetambars and Digambars are also available in this area.

Bhelupura - the birth place of 23rd Tirthankar :

The 23rd Tirthankar of the Jain religion Lord Sri Parshavnath was born here. This place has a white stature of 60 cm. Height, which is worshipped by the believers of Svetambara sect, and a black idol with a height of 75 cms. Which is worshipped by the believers of Digambara sect.

These are definitely worth seeing. This place is believed to be one of the most sacred places of pilgrimage for the Jain devotees. These are 12 other Svetambar and 11 Digambar temples here as well. Beautiful rest houses are available for the tourists.

Chandrapuri :

The birth place of the 8th Tirthankar Chandrapuri is the birth place of the 8th Tirthankara Lord Chandraprabhu. It is situated on the banks of the river Ganges, about 20 kms. From varanasi. It has a 45 cms. High white idol which is worshipped by a majority of the Svetambars. Lord Chandraprabhu took Jain Diksha (initiation) and got the light of the true knowledge in this place. Dharamshalas are available in the vicinity for the tourists.


3)   Mathura

Sri Jambu Swami was born in Champa and was the son of a rich man, Seth Rishabhdutt. Even though he was married at the age of 16, he was initiated by Lord Mahavir's disciple Sudhama Swami and lived as a Brahmachari for the rest of his life. After 20 years of hard penance he attained the light of true knowledge and was enlightened at Chaurasi. He is the last Kewal Gyaniof the Jains. A temple has been built here in his memory and dedicated to this holiness.

There is also a dharamshala within it which is surrounded by large and beautiful garden. There is a bird sanctuary to the left of the main gate of the temple. This place is better known as Chawrasi. It is 3 kms. North of Mathura City on the Delhi- Mathura by-pass road, on the Mathura- Goverdhan route. Dharamshalas with modern facilities are available for the convenience of the tourist.

Ram Nagar Jain Temple (Ahicchatra) :

Ahicchatra was the capital of North Panchala (Present day Ramnagar of Bareilly district). This is the place where the 23rd Tirthankar, Lord Parshvanath renounced all material luxuries and started his meditation. It is also believed that Lord Gautam Buddha had given his teachings and Diksha tot he king of Naga Dynasty near a fort in Ahicchatra. Chinese pilgrim Huen Tsang has mentioned the name of this place as ' Ahichitala' in his writings. Some old and broken Jain Digambar statues have been discovered here. One of these statues has been placed outside the temple of Lord Parshvanath. Some of the Tirthankar statues recovered from the ruins of this place are preserved in the museums at Lucknow and Delhi.

In the ancient Parshvanath Temple, there are 5 Vedis dedicated to :

1. Tikhal Baba - which is a Black idol of Lord Parshvanath with engraved footprints.
2. White statues of Lord Mahavir, Lord Parshvanath and Lord Chandraprabhu.
3. Golden Statue Lord Mahaveer.
4. White Idol of Lord Parshvanath in Khandagasan posture.
5. A Statue of Lord Sheetalnath. About 1 km. Away from Ahicchatra is Ram Nagar.

The large Shikhar Chand jain Templeis situated here. In the Temple there is a high marble platform where a magnificent black statue of Lord Parshvanath has been placed. In front of this Jain Temple there is fort which was built during the period of Panchals. It covers an area of 3 square miles and is in ruins now. Inside the fort there is a big piece of rock known as Bhimshila which has been placed on a mound.

Some broken Jain Digambar statues have also been found here, which are worshipped by the villagers. Chaitra Badi Asthami and Nirvana Mahotsav on the Shravan Poornima, are the two main festivals that are observed here.


4)   Pawanagar/Fazilnagar

Pawanagar is famous for being the place where Lord Mahavir attained ' Nirvana'. It is also known as Sathiardiha and described as ' Sathik Deha '.

A magnificent Manasthamba has been constructed within the temple premises here.

The temple houses 4 beautiful carved idols.

Devotees from all over the world visit this place, specially on Kartik Purnima to celebrate the ' Nirvana Mahotsav', which is invariably preceded by much religious fanfare and a big procession.

Travel Information :

Pawanagar, 55 kms. From Deoria and 71 kms. From gorakhpur can be reached by buses plying on the Tamkuhi Road via Kusinagar (Kasia)


5)   Prabhas Giri

Prabhas Giri is situated on the banks of Yamuna near Kaushambi, at a distance of about 62 kms. From Allahabad, in Manjhanpur tehsil. In the ancient times, it was a part of Kaushambi and was surrounded by thick forests.

At Pabhosa, the 6th Tirthankar Bhagwan Padmaprabhu went into deep meditation on the thirteenth day of Kartik, after having renounced the world.

After six months of rigorous penance, he attained the eternal knowledge on the full moon day of Chaitra Shukla in a picturesque garden in the vicinity.

Pabhosa is also the place where Bhagwan Padmaprabhu got diksha and Gyan Kalyanak. Therefore, it is famous as theKalnayak Tirth.

Travel Information :

The nearest airport is Bamrauli (Allahabad) which is 48 kms. away. The nearest Railway Station is at Bharvari which is 40 kms away. By Road, one can travel by taxis/ buses.


6)   Deogarh

Deogarh, the Fort of the Gods, is situated on the right bank of the Betwa river at the western end of the Lalipur range of hills.

The natural setting of the fort is dramatic and so are its dimensions, which take the visitor by surprise. The fort can be entered through a corbelled gateway in the outer wall.

A path has been cleared through the undergrowth, and broken statues and artefacts lie scattered about. Within the fort is a remarkable group of 31 jain Temples.

The site was a Jaincentre from the 8th to the 17th century A.D.

Within the temples are panels which depict scenes from Jain mythology, Tirthankar images, Manastambha or votive pillars, Ayagpattas or votive tablets, Sarvatobhadra Pratimas or Jin images visible from all sides, and Shasrakutas or pillars carved with a thousand Jin figures.

Most important among the group are temple No. 11 and No. 12 and the Santinath temple. Among other important structures at Deogarh are the Varh Temple, the rock-cut cave-Siddha ki Gufa, Rajghati and the Naharghati.

Travel Information :

The nearest Airport is Gwalior which is 235 kms. Away.

The nearest railheads are Jakhlaun - 13 kms. And Lalitpur - 23 kms.

By road, Deogarh is 123 kms.



7)   Shravasti

Shravasti is situated in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh around 176 km off Lucknow.It is one of the main site for Buddhist pilgrimage as well and Jain Pilgrimage.

History :

History of Shravasti teerth begins with the formation of Janpad's by Yugadidev Shri Adishwar Prabhu. This place was the capitol city of North Kaushal Janpad. Many Jain Kings such as King Jitari, the father of third Teerthankar Shri Sambhavnath Bhagwan and others past here after Bhagwan Adinath. King Prasanjeet ruled this place at the time of Bhagwan Mahaveer. He was a loyal follower of Prabhu Veer. The main listener of Prabhu Veer King of Magadh Samrat Shrenik has wedded the sister of King Parasanjeet. This was also called by the names of Kunal Nagari and Chandrikapuri in the old days. Many Jain temples and Stoops (pillars) were present in this city. It is specified in history that greater king Samrat Ashok and his grand son King Samprati also constructed many temples and Stoops at this holy place. This teerth place is also descripting in "Brihatkalp". Chinese traveler Fahiyan has also described this holy place in his memories of traveling India during 5th century BC. One more Chinese traveler during 7th century BC, Hun-Yen-Sang, has described this place as Jet van Monastery. Later this was called as Manikapuri. This was ruled by King Mayurdhwaj during 900 AD, by King Hansdhwaj during 925 AD, by King Makardhwaj during 950 AD, by King Sudhavadhwaj during 975 AD and by King Suhridhwaj during 100 AD. All of them were Jain Kings belonging to Bhar Vansh. Dr. Bennet and Dr. Vincent Smith have also specified them as Jain Kings. Work done by King Suhridhwaj for strengthening religion and defending the temples in his empires from Muslim attack will always taken as a great reminder of history. He also defeated Mohamed Gazanavi. Acharya Jinprabh Surishwarji has specified this teerth as Mahith in his granth "Vividh Teerth Kalp" in 14th century of VS. During those days many Jin-home having big boundary walls, idols and Dev kulika's were present in this city. Doors of the temple use to shut down automatically at the time of Sunset and opens in the morning. This was said to affect of Shri Manibhadra Yaksha. A Lion use to visit the temple on the occasion of annual gathering and would go only after the completion of Aarti. Allaudin Khilji and his soldiers damaged this temple. Pandit Vijaysagarji and Shri Soubhagya Vijayji have described this teerth in 18th century. Number of ancient idols and inscription were recovered after digging Sahet Mahet area near Shravasti village. These are kept in museums at Lucknow and Mathura. Archeological Department has acquired an ancient temple present near the Mahet Fort. This place is described as the birthplace of Bhagwan Sri Sambhavnath. The damaged remaining at Sahet Mahet reminds the ancient ness of this place. At present this is the only temple present at this teerth place.


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